Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/ . Email all position papers to our committee email:lhhsCSW@gmail.com. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello delegates! My name is Lida Hamidi, and I am currently a senior at Laguna. I have participated in MUN for 4 years and I love it! MUN has encouraged me to take an interest in global activities and consider career paths linked to international relations. I am on varsity swim and ASB at LHHS. In my freetime I enjoy the beach, painting, and roller skating. I am so excited to meet you all at our conference. Hi delegates, my name is Natalie Murphy and I will be your vice chair. I am currently a junior at Laguna Hills and this is my 3rd year in MUN. I also play basketball and am involved in some school environmental clubs. I think that MUN is hard work, but it has helped me with outside events in the past, such as winning arguments and impromptu speaking. Good luck and I’m excited to see you all at our conference!
Hello everyone! My name is Liam Fellows and I will be your Moderator. I am currently a sophomore at Laguna Hills High School and I have played football for 2 years. I am interested in business and law enforcement. I have also been in Mun for 2 years and I really enjoy it! In my free time, I like to hang out with my friends and be spontaneous. I like to take risks and try new things. I am really looking forward to this conference!
Topic: Adolescent Pregnancy Background: Adolescent pregnancy has become a major global problem that has impacted the lives of many young women. This issue has become very prevalent in more developing nations because of their lack of education and impoverished communities. In most cases, adolescent pregnancy is not planned, but in some, adolescent pregnancy is planned and wanted. 90% of 15 to 19 year old married girls have given birth. This is because most of these girls have been forced to marry, primarily because of cultural beliefs and pressure from parents. However, most adolescent pregnancies are strongly unwanted. Half of the pregnancies in developing nations with girls ages 15-19 are not planned. Sometimes girls may face rape, or just have consensual sex with an unplanned pregnancy. This issue has been rapidly increasing throughout the world and has been recognized by many countries. In developing and developed nations alike this problem has arisen and countries are taking great strides to improve it. In developing nations, girls are less educated and are unaware of the consequences they face from adolescent pregnancy. With this in mind, as this problem continues to grow, countries are noticing it more and making solutions are starting to be one of their top priorities.
UN Involvement: The UN links motherhood and early pregnancy to human rights, as early pregnancy can overshadow one’s access to education, for example. The UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) is working with governments, communities, and even youth-led organizations in order to increase access to contraception, sexual education, and reproductive health support for women around the world. For example, UNFPA is working with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), proposing ways to decrease the adolescent pregnancy rate in the area. UNFPA also works toward implementing sexual education into school curriculum and also encourages the idea of gender equality. Finally, the UNFPA works to empower girls to help raise awareness and help girls who have been affected by child marriage. Another UN organization working toward this issue is WHO, which is working with NGOs and other agencies for research on early pregnancy and how it can be prevented. The Department of Reproductive Health (RHR) is working alongside member states to implement adolescent pregnancy guidelines.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: There has been an impressive decline in adolescent pregnancy in the developed nations of the Western Bloc. Several nations, such as England and Sweden, in the Western Bloc have the highest rated abortion rates from developed countries. Other nations; like Switzerland, Slovakia, and the Netherlands; have the lowest rates of abortions. There is a wide range of adolescent pregnancies ending in abortion across the Western Bloc, from 69% in Sweden to only 17% in Slovakia.
Latin Bloc: The Latin Bloc experiences the second highest adolescent pregnancy rates. Despite the pregnancy rates among teenagers has decreased slightly over the past 30 years due to economic growth and social/cultural developments, the quantity of adolescents pregnancy is alarming. Latin America has one of the 5 countries that have information available on abortion based on age, whether it be legal or illegal.
African Bloc: The African Bloc also experiences one of the highest pregnancy rates. Burkina Faso, Malawi, Ethiopia, and Kenya in African Bloc have reliable data on adolescent pregnancy categorized by age. These studies show that adolescent pregnancy is dramatically greater in the African Bloc than other, more developed regions. Abortion is mostly illegal in these nations, the rates rang from 38 in Kenya to 11 in Ethiopia. In the African Bloc, around 35% of pregnancies are unintended. However, the age of marriage and childbearing is often lower in in this Bloc.
Asian Bloc: Southeast Asia is known for early marriages. These practices are derived from deeply rooted cultural traditions. Many populations in the Asian Bloc are marginalized from very much education on sexual and reproductive health. Gender norms and expectations of women set a stereotype among teenagers. Questions to consider: 1. How severe is the issue of adolescent pregnancy in your country? How high are the adolescent pregnancy rates? 2. What measures/initiatives has your country made on the topic of adolescent pregnancy? 3. What are some causes of the adolescent rates? i.e. economic, social, cultural 4. To what extent is your country willing to decrease adolescent pregnancy rates without infringing on social and cultural traditions? 5. What are some possible solutions to adolescent pregnancy in your country?