Head Chair: Keelia Uno Vice Chair: Benjamin Tran Moderator: Troy Nguyen
Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: lhhsSenate@gmail.com. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello everyone! My name is Keelia Uno, and I am your head chair. I am currently a junior at Laguna Hills High School, and I am so excited to be your head chair this year. I have been in MUN for 3 years, and spent all of them chairing in Senate :) I play tennis here at Laguna, and in my spare time I enjoy watching tv, reading, or sleeping! I have danced hula for the past five years and enjoy creative writing and photography. I’m looking forward to a great committee and great discussion, and to hearing your creative solutions. Thank you for attending, see you in committee!
Hello senators! My name is Benjamin Tran, and I will be your vice chair. I am a sophomore student at Laguna Hills High School, and I am delighted to be your vice chair. I have been in MUN for 1.5 years and love this wonderful experience and program. Along with that, I practice Aikido, I have been a pianist for 8 years and I am the principal cellist of the South Coast Youth Symphony Orchestra! In committee, I am looking forward to hearing your debates, interactions with other senators and the bills that you create. Thank you for coming, and best of luck everyone!
Hello all! My name is Troy Nguyen and I will be your moderator for this committee. I am currently a sophomore student at Laguna Hills High School and I am happy to be your moderator. This will be my 2nd year in MUN and so far it has been awesome! Also, I am in the Cross Country and Tennis teams. Outside of school, I play video games, hang out with friends, and sleep as much as I can. I love watching movies and TV shows on Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon. I have an identical twin brother too but luckily he is not in this committee ;) But, I am eager to see your great speeches and ideas. Good luck in committee!
Topic: Border Security Background: Border security is the measure that a country takes to control and oversee its borders. It involves fighting against unauthorized travel or trade across its borders, stopping illegal immigration, and preventing wanted criminals from leaving the country. Furthermore, border security physically marks a country’s territorial sovereignty and includes quarantine on individuals and goods into the country. Most nations have organizations to regulate and facilitate border security, however the size and strength of these organizations vary. For example, in India the Border Security Force (BSF) is tasked with protecting India’s land border and is one of the largest border security organizations in the world due to territorial disputes between neighboring Pakistan and illegal immigrants from Bangladesh migrating into India. While the North Korean-South Korean border or the Korean Demilitarized Zone has one of the most military fortifications in the world. Other borders are almost nonexistent. The Schengen Agreement lead to the end of national borders between almost all European countries. Also, travel bans have been used to regulate border security. In the 1880s, Americans on the west coast blamed declining wages and a slow economy on Chinese workers resulting in the The Chinese Exclusion Act. It was signed into law in 1882 until its repeal by the Magnuson Act in 1943, stopping all incoming Chinese immigrants from entering the US. Also, deportation of illegal immigrants has been a common practice throughout many countries. The intent of deportations is to limit the security risk and threat of illegal immigrants inside the country. The deported are usually sent back to their country of origin. However, the border security of a nation is almost always debated and argued. Questions ranging from the cost to the effectiveness of the border security of a nation has lead to many political splits. Finally, borders between nations can be subjects of contention and is a major aspect of a nation’s security.
U.S. Involvement: The United States has established national organizations such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, CBP, to manage and control U.S. borders while keeping terrorists and their weapons out of the United States. By combining custom operations, border policies and immigration inspections, the CBP helps protect the citizens of the U.S. from dangerous people and materials. In addition, the Homeland Security Committee has been established in the U.S. to provide Congressional oversight for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to help protect U.S. citizens by passing critical bipartisan, homeland security legislations enforcing border security and shielding the U.S. from international and domestic threats including terrorism. Finally, the United States has passed the Border Security for America Act which is a legislation calling for building additional physical barriers such as levee walls and fencing while supporting local law enforcement by increasing resources to aggressively fight crimes among the southern border. As of the 1980s, the U.S. Border Patrol has responded to international and domestic threats with increased implementation of modern technology, infrared night-vision scopes, seismic sensors, and modern computer processing systems. United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) also deals with the nation’s borders and security by enforcing federal statutes, enforcing immigration, investing the illegal movement of people and goods, and preventing terrorism. Along with that, after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a new paradigm of border security evolved in response to the attacks; the United States began to push a stricter border outwards to identify potential threats and address the major issues before they become issues in America. The most significant change for border security occurred at visible ports of entry where it prioritized missions of preventing terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the U.S. while it facilitated the flow of legitimate trade and travel (legally). Currently, President Donald Trump’s administration has called for the construction of border walls to strengthen U.S. Border Security while Trump has released immigration frameworks for policies in 2018 that will aim to provide the necessary resources to secure our border. His efforts to strengthen and aid U.S. border security has helped to seize large doses of illegal drugs, protect the community from transnational gangs and help quickly remove foreign criminals effectively, although these problems remain a prevalent point of debate in the U.S. The U.S. has taken several steps to ensure the safety of its citizens and secure their borders throughout the years, through actions such as the creation of national organizations and committees, government support, and more, though the issue of border security has remained a fierce topic of debate within the nation.
Republican: The Republican party, in line with the Republican White House, often supports increased border security and greater enforcement. They believe in greater military action against terrorist organizations and a strong defense system. They generally support the increase of the defense budget, and are also focused on a US-Mexico border wall aimed to keep terrorists and illegal aliens out of the US. Illegal immigration comes into play with border security, and the Republicans support stricter laws regarding illegal immigrants and see the current immigrant caravan approaching the U.S.as a threat to national security, with the Republican President Trump supporting a ‘zero tolerance’ stance on the issue. Travel bans also exist as a means of border security, which is supported by the Republican party, and they tend to support stricter laws about entering and exiting the country through increased airport security, and immigration processes.
Democrat: The Democratic Party tends to take a more relaxed stance on border security, adopting views for a more open border. They do not support the Trump Administration’s border wall, sometimes citing it as rash and unnecessary. Under President Obama’s Democratic Administration, the country employed a more open security stance which provided pathways for young immigrants to enter the border and receive care; such programs have since been discarded by Trump. However, the Democrats do not support completely open borders. They do support further training and equipment for border officers and the military in the name of homeland security and the use of military force, though as a last resort only. They tend to advocate for increased technology in border security and have supported greater legislation on border security and increased fencing, though they are in opposition to the Trump Administration’s large scale plan.
Independent: The Independents tend to support stricter border control and a focus on the autonomy and power of the United States. They, similar to Democrats, support greater law enforcement supplies, resources for border security, and the use of increased technology. They support the increase of funds to secure borders and guard against terrorism. The party, however, is stricter on immigration and supports greater screening at borders and the deportation of illegal immigrants to keep out terrorists and criminals. Questions to consider: 1. Why does your senator/state support the side that it does? 2. Innocent people are often affected by travel bans, border walls, or deportation. What would your senator do to minimize negative repercussions, if anything, and why? 3. What issue about border security does your senator/state consider most important? 4. How is your state, and the nation at large, impacted by illegal contraband, immigrants, terrorists etc. due to poor border security? 5. Consider the other side of the issue; what compromises would your senator be willing to make to reach a viable solution for the entire nation?