Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email:firstname.lastname@example.org. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello delegates, my name is Lauren Shulman and I am your head chair. I am in 11th grade at Laguna Hills High School. I have been on Varsity tennis for 3 years and and the Vice President of CSF. I am also very involved with my local community and organize community service projects with various non-profits around Orange County. I am very excited for the conference and to hear all of your solutions on the issue! Hello delegates, my name is Noah Hauptman and I am your vice chair. I am in 11th grade at Laguna Hills High School. I have been playing volleyball with my school for 3 years and am vice president of my Lion's Heart philanthropic organization. I can't wait to hear all of your creative solutions. Hi delegates, my name is Connor Eilers and I am your moderator. I am in the tenth grade and I am currently attending Laguna Hills high school. I am a captain of the Junior varsity soccer team and I am also an avid book reader. I look forward to seeing all of the delegate at our conference and I can't wait to hear your take on the matter at hand.
Topic : Disaster Management Background: Disaster management is the organization and management of dangerous emergencies and the preparedness to respond to said emergencies. Disasters destroy expensive infrastructure, new technology, and takes human life. In space, accidents have occurred and the need to solve and alleviate the problem comes in to play. Space disasters include space debris impact, meteor collision, satellite collision, shuttle damage, and many more high-risk situations. With spaceflight claiming the lives of more than 20 astronauts, much can be done to fix and clean up the catastrophes left behind. An example of a high-risk situation occurred in 2005 when the Space Shuttle Discovery was in orbit and material was lodged in the shuttles heat panel. The Shuttle’s crew was not equipped with the right tools to solve the problem. Fortunately, with the help of the Shuttle’s land crew, the people on aboard improvised makeshift tools and fixed the shuttle. With proper plans and regulations, the crew could have more easily solved the issue. Instead, the poor planning and lack of materials narrowly escaped a disaster where the Shuttle and its crew would have been destroyed. In the modern age, the states of the world interests in space travel are increasing, and countries must form regulations for a safe space environment. Some agencies with more concern in regards to safe space exploration have instituted plans to relieve disasters. For example, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA has created plans on how to respond to space and land catastrophes. Some solutions and techniques NASA has proposed is the ability to keep clear communication, the limitation of damage during a disaster, alerting of incoming danger, proper management of resources, and more. Organizations like NASA must work out the flaws in current space disaster management before an extreme catastrophe occurs. If a disaster occurs and it cannot be contained this will lead to a dangerous space environment and conflicts where countries must decide who and when must deal with the issue. States and agencies must establish relations and develop solutions to space-related accidents. Without the cooperation of the nations of the world, space disasters could destroy all public interests and rule out space exploration as an essential economic pathway in future years. The future of space exploration is in the hands of the organizations and nations funding it, and proper space disaster management will ensure a safe and more productive space setting.
UN Involvement: Over the past decade, space exploration and technology have advanced massively. Due to the fact that the death rate from disasters has gone up considerably over the past decade, the UN created the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and EmergencyResponse in 2006 also known as SPIDER. SPIDER’s main purpose is not only to come to the aid as a disaster relief organization, but also works to ensure that space organizations take proper safety precautions in an attempt to prevent disasters before they occur. SPIDER also stands as a hub of communication in order to decrease disaster response time and increase mobilization at a moments notice. It utilizes satellite images in real time in order to coordinate rescue efforts that reduce response time considerably. As space exploration has become more common and as technology continues to advance, it has yet to be determined whether SPIDER will completely turn its focus to coming to the aid of disasters that occur in space.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: The western bloc has the most financially stability and has the biggest financial interest in disaster preparedness within space. Within the western bloc, there are prominent space programs, such as National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA), that have intense safety measures in place in case of disaster. Western nations, due to their development status, are prominent leaders in preventing and reacting to space based disasters. Middle Eastern Bloc: Due to the massive conflict within the region, the Middle East has not delegated much time or effort towards space, let alone disaster management. Most finances of middle eastern countries are being used towards solving the many violent conflicts in the region, such as ISIS and the border disputes between Palestine and Israel. While some nation have space stations, they are mainly used for maintaining and launching satellites. For this topic, the Middle East favors increasing disaster management, but are focused more on their nations’ stability on Earth. African Bloc: The African bloc cannot fully focus on space disaster management because of the instability due to the lack of infrastructure, virus outbreaks, and civil wars going on with in the African bloc. Like the Middle East they want to increase disaster management but are more focused on resolving conflict within their own states. Latin American Bloc: While there are fewer active conflicts within this region, there is still a major amount of political turmoil within these nations preventing them from putting full focus into the issue of disaster management of space. While many Latin countries have space stations, they are mainly used for satellite observation, rather space exploration. This makes their need for disaster management much less;however these Latin countries do see the need for disaster management but must deal with internal conflicts and problems before putting much attention towards space. Asian Bloc: Wit in this bloc there is the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) which represents nearly all nations in the Asian bloc, excluding China due to its large economic power. Both China and the APCSO want to institute disaster management protocol for unforeseen circumstances. China is the most powerful in this region and sees the need for intense disaster management portic to be developed to protect their expanding space network. Questions to consider: 1. How can different countries working together to resolve matters with regards to space? 2. What can countries do to encourage diplomacy and partnership between nations? 3. What methods can be used to prevent disaster in the first place? 4. How can we deal with different small scale and large scale disasters effectively? 5. Does the financial capability of different nations affect the overall goal of disaster management?