Head Chair: Julia Moon Vice Chair: Yughe Bista Moderator: Warren Goodin Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/ . Email all position papers to our committee email:lhhsUNICEFnov@gmail.com. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello, delegates, my name is Julia Moon and I am your head chair. I am a senior at Laguna Hills High School, and I have been in MUN for four years; this year I am the President of the program. Along with this, I am involved in ASB, the National Honors Society, CSF, and various clubs on campus. In my free time (when I’m not entirely overwhelmed with homework or college apps), I love going to different boba places throughout Orange County, watching sunsets with my friends down at Dana Point, and going to Disneyland. I am also a huge fanatic for The Office TV show, and I feel personally connected to the character, Creed. Hello, delegates, my name is Yughe Bista and I am your vice chair. I am a junior at Laguna Hills High School, and I have been in MUN for three years. I have been a chair at our conference since freshman year. Along with this, I am involved in various clubs, varsity swimming, and much more. In my free time I do club swimming, I enjoy watching anime, gaming, and spending quality time with my friends. Hope to see you all at the conference. Hello, delegates, my name is Warren Goodin and I am your moderator. I am a junior at Laguna Hills High School, and I have been in MUN for one year; this is my first time moderating a conference. Along with this, I am involved in CSF, Volleyball, and many other clubs on campus. In my free time, I love going dirt-biking, traveling, and going to the beach. I love watching tv; my favorite show is parks and rec.
Topic A: Children as Environmental Refugees
Background: Children as Environmental Refugees is a big issue in today’s society. It is expected that by 2020 that we will have 50 million environmental refugees, if not more. Desertification and global climate change has threatened the lives of millions and has caused many to leave in search of other opportunities. An environmental refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their traditional habitat temporarily or permanently. When children are environmental refugees, many problems can be created for governments and policy-makers, as they have to deal with a variety environmental disasters that can have certain negative impacts on the forced migration of children. One of every 10 children worldwide are affected with learning issues. Refugee children are the greatest disadvantage and risk regarding education. Displacement has a negative affect on children, exposing them to trauma and disrupts family structures. Not only that but relocation brings additional stressors, as sometimes with limited supports, families need to negotiate their needs with foreign social structures. The environmental problems continue to persist for child refugees as heavy seasonal rains are falling, cutting off the few usable roads, flooding areas where many child refugees had set up makeshift shelters, and delaying the delivery of relief supplies. Human displacement and its consequences for migration and refugee policy is being taken into consideration when world leaders meet to discuss ways to mitigate climate. Many of the states affected by these environmental disasters and migration lack resources to adequately address the harmful effects of these crises. Governments must be able to respond to these environmental issues, which require money, time, and organization. With the current influx of child refugees in countries such as Syria, Egypt, and Lebanon being around two million, the environmental impacts on these countries must be addressed. Environmental refugees are at risk, in order not to be prepared in all capacities when another crisis hits, countries must get serious about developing well-thought out plans to address the issue of children as environmental refugees.
UN Involvement: The Unified Countries High Official for Displaced people (UNHCR) cooperates with the Assembled Countries Global Youngsters' Crisis Fund(UNICEF) to accomplish the requirements for the evacuee kids. UNICEF works with the guide of the UNHCR and endeavors to set up youngsters' rights as legitimate obligations/obligations, guaranteeing moral standards and worldwide prerequisites of lead towards kids. The help given by UNHCR and other pertinent organizations and accomplices in helping States satisfy their commitments should enhance and fortify the national security framework in zones where holes exist, and be conveyed in a soul of association by expanding on every on-screen character's similar focal points to strengthen the useful effect on the insurance of youngsters. UNICEF is genuinely dedicated to ensuring exceptional affirmation and assurance for the chief troubled kids. At present, there are 17.2 million displaced people underneath the consideration of the UNHCR and its accomplices. Roughly one year prior, the Unified Conditions of America, together with 192 different nations, embraced the New York Assertion for Outcasts and Vagrants in an abnormal state meeting at the 2017 Joined Countries General Get together (UNGA). At this equivalent UNGA, U.S. President Barack Obama, U.N. Secretary General Restriction Ki-Moon and pioneers from Ethiopia, Germany, Mexico, Jordan, Canada, and Sweden facilitated a Pioneers' Summit on Evacuees. At the summit, evacuee facilitating nations focused on sanctioning approach changes intended to expand exiles' entrance to instruction and better employments. Likewise the Activity on Kid Rights in the Worldwide Compacts, collected by Terre des Hommes and Spare the Kids centers to plan to save the privileges of youngsters very influenced by relocation. Regardless of whether that be from atmosphere change,conflict, destitution, and some other elements compelling them to be progressing. This activity was enlivened from the UN. The UN likewise centers around A rights-based methodology, which perceives kids as dynamic subjects of rights, and as indicated by which all mediations are steady with States' commitments under significant universal law, including, as material, global displaced person law, worldwide human rights law and worldwide philanthropic law, and affirmation that the CRC gives an essential lawful and standardizing system for the assurance of kids.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: The countries in this bloc have worked towards integrating refugees into their public school systems as a way of providing, primarily the children, with quality education. Thus far, in the United States, the Global Compact for Migration was created to ultimately address international migration and the aspects of human displacement that involve human rights or humanitarian concerns. The Platform for Disaster Displacement was also recently launched by Switzerland and Norway to provide humanitarian assistance, protection of refugees and management of migration.
Latin Bloc: In this bloc, a significant amount of environmentally displaced refugees have migrated from this region, particularly in natural disaster prone areas such as Chile, Honduras and Brazil whose people are affected by flooding and severe earthquakes. So far, countries in this bloc have united to legitimize the Escazu Agreement, which provides citizens of Latin America and the Caribbean with the ability to participate in environmental matters and the prevention of environmental crises. However, beyond this, many governments in the areas of Central and South America have failed to implement regulations to address the mudslides, droughts, and naturally driven disasters that plague their nations. Seeing that caravans of individuals are flooding their home countries due to social and environmental causes, nations in the Western bloc, such as the United States, are forced to absorb this vast impact.
African Bloc: Countries in Africa have arguably been affected the most by the alarming impacts of climate change, as Individuals from nations like Sudan have been displaced as a result of major flooding areas. So far, governments have been attempting to alleviate the issue by prioritizing, as one of their 2030 Sustainable Development Goals to recognized displaced peoples regardless of the reasoning for their migration. In addition, The Refugees Act has been adopted by various countries within the continent of Africa, though it is not entirely supported by the legitimate administrative capacity necessary to implement this act to all nations in the region.
Asian Bloc: In response to the rising sea levels in areas particularly in Southeast Asia, various Asian leaders, such as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon supported The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. In this treaty, Asian governments hoped to acclimate migrant children into their public educational systems, provide occupations in multiple location for the displaced peoples, and overall promote opportunities. However, despite this strides, the legal framework of many nations in the Asian bloc seem to ignore the plight of climate refugees. Questions to consider: 1. Has your country addressed the issue of climate change or passed any legislation to prevent the debilitating impacts of climate change? 2. Does your country have any refugees displaced due to environmental causes? Are there any specific programs implemented to address their livelihoods? 3. Have there been any recent natural disasters within your nation? What humanitarian efforts have been enacted to alleviate the damages? 4. How has your country’s immigration policies responded to the influx of immigrants? Do they typically avoid separating children from their families? 5. What are some viable options your country can utilize to prevent their environmental impact?
“Fusion: Climate Refugees, Lacking Protections, Can't Even Live like Refugees.” Refugees International, www.refugeesinternational.org/in-the-news/2016/9/21/fusion-climate-refugees-lacking-protectio ns-cant-even-live-like-refugees. “New York Declaration | Refugees and Migrants.” United Nations, United Nations, refugeesmigrants.un.org/declaration. “Platform on Disaster Displacement.” AGENDA FOR HUMANITY, www.agendaforhumanity.org/initiatives/3833. Torelli, Stefano M. “Climate-Driven Migration in Africa.” India's Politics and the Poor | What Does India Think? | European Council on Foreign Relations, 20 Dec. 1970, www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_climate_driven_migration_in_africa. “Climate Refugees.” Friends of the Earth, friendsoftheearth.uk/climate-change/climate-refugees. McDonnell, Tim. “The Refugees The World Barely Pays Attention To.” NPR, NPR, 20 June 2018, www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/06/20/621782275/the-refugees-that-the-world-barely- pays-attention-to.
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