Head Chair: Connor A’Hearn Vice Chair: Kasra Tavakoli Moderator: Ellie Bruce
Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello delegates, my name is Connor A’Hearn and I will be your head chair. I am currently a senior and in my fourth year of MUN. I love MUN, and believe it is an excellent way to practice public speaking and research. At Laguna Hills, I play both football and baseball, while also being involved in Green Team at our school. Outside of school I like to hangout with friends, watch movies, and walk my dog. I also enjoy quality memes.
Welcome, everyone to the UNHRC committee for the 2018-19 LHHS conference. My name is Kasra Tavakoli and I will be your vice chair for this committee. At the moment I am currently a junior and this is my second year of MUN at Laguna Hills. I play water polo at our school while taking part in different activities outside of school. Finally, I also enjoy spending time out with friends watching movies or just going out for lunch. Hello delegates, my name is Ellie Bruce. I am your moderator. This is my second year of MUN. I am a sophomore. I enjoy doing MUN because I find it interesting to talk about important current events going on. I enjoy reading and writing. Outside of school, I love spending time with family and friends.
Topic: Immigrant Caravan
Background Immigrants from Central American countries have been trying to find ways to a new life traveling by water and by land. Several have risked their lives trying to cross the Mexico border and the United States border. Recently these immigrants have been using a caravan to get to their destination quicker and more efficiently. These people are joining this caravan to escape poverty and violence. About 2,000 immigrants have turned to the caravan to try and cross the border. These people have been struggling to travel because of pathways being blocked in Mexico like the Suchiate river bridge. Mexican authorities have also denied these people entry, possible asylum, and permits to live there for a period of time. The caravan gives them a way to pass through the Mexican border. Although they have been struggling, these people are not willing to turn back. They are determined despite the pain and the lack of humanity shown towards them. Many human rights have been violated such as Article 13, 14, and 25. The Mexican Caravan people have been hurt by tear gas and pepper spray used by border patrols. The use of tear gas can harm these people when they are causing no threat to the border patrol. They have no weapons; they just want to be given the chance to live a better life. Recently, a peaceful march by these immigrants turned into chaos when tear gas was sprayed affecting adults and children. Some claim that the migrants threw objects at the border patrol; however, most of the migrants are just looking to negotiate. These people are living in squalor conditions. About 5,000 people are living in places made for 3,500. These people’s rights are being violated when they are being harmed, being denied asylum, and are being put in horrible living conditions. They deserve to live in good conditions, be given the chance to seek asylum, and to move countries without harm.
UN Involvement With over 2,300 migrant children in the Central American ‘caravan’ who need protection according to a UNICEF advocate, the UN has taken great notice of the threats and issues which have been paused due to the migrant ‘caravan’. Therefore, different organizations such as IOM, and the UN’s Migration Agency have provided support and aid to the struggling migrants while also taking into account the threats which they have placed upon the host nations. Seeing as the migrant ‘caravan’ is still a very new issue, the UN has not taken harsher and more determining actions such as resolutions. Instead, the UN Refugee Agency has already mobilized a response in cooperation with the nation to which the migrants and refugees are fleeing. Therefore, they are aiding Mexican authorities by providing humanitarian assistance. Additionally, they are informing migrants of their rights to asylum while abiding by international law. Alongside this, they are assisting authorities with migrants who have opted to claim asylum in Mexico. In doing this, it is the Agency’s intention to assist migrants before they reach the US border. Thus far, the UN Migration Agency’s actions have aided the issue in influencing increasing numbers of migrants to seek asylum in Mexico rather than continue to trip further towards the US. In terms of the nations from which these migrants are coming from, the UN believes that it is of the utmost importance to start further aiding these nations to guarantee that nations such as the migrant ‘caravan’ do not occur in the future. Briefly, the UN has taken the most amount of action they can in such a short time and looks to keep on providing humanitarian aid for the migrants while easing the situation with the utilization of legal asylum. Country Blocs Western Bloc: The current U.S. Administration has imposed a strict stance against the caravan entering the U.S. With already very intense plans to meet the caravan with the increased border patrol the President has ordered, many Americans are opposed to this action. In the U.S, this issue seems to be split between the Democratic and Republican Party. On the other hand, many European countries have taken a balanced approach to immigration. The EU has set guidelines that promote regular immigration, however take measure to combat illegal immigration. The recent inflow of refugees to countries like Germany has been been met with hostility from the citizens. So much so, that the country has shied away from electing those officials back into office. African Bloc: Many view view the African continent as a place filled with many migrant,s often with boats filled of people attempting to escape to Europe. However, statistics show that many are simply moving to other countries within Africa. The ability to move easily from one country to another exemplifies Africa’s lax policies on immigration. It is important for African countries to see that migration within a continent is met with ease. Asian Bloc: In recent years, Asia has taken between 25-30% of the world’s total migrant population. Meanwhile, migration to the U.S and Europe has slowed. Asia’s immigration is often taking place within Asian countries. Countries that are less developed and have surplus labor populations will see those demographics move to faster growing industrialized countries. Overall, many Asian countries welcome immigration as it often aids in economic growth. Latin Bloc: Much like Asia, Latin American countries have seen growth in migration among its countries often for labor reasons. Counties including Argentina, Chile, and Brazil are the most popular for those seeking labor and opportunities, mainly because they are the more developed countries in the region. Venezuela has seen an increase it residents leaving the country and fleeing into neighboring Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Many other countries like Argentina and Uruguay have been very welcoming, granting unrestricted visas allowing migrants to stay. Brazil has also passed legislation permitting Venezuelans to stay in the country for 2 years. The needs of migrating Venezuelans have been met by other Latin countries with compassion. Questions to consider:
What are ways in which the UN can aid the migrants without infringing upon the sovereignty of countries involved?
If the U.S refuses to accept the migrants, what countries will be able to take them in?
What rights are being denied in this case?
Is the use of force by the U.S too much, or does it have the right to defend its borders?
What reasons do the migrants have for claiming refugee status?