Head Chair: Rosey Bugayong Vice Chair: Michael Snodgrass Moderator: Luca Bianchi Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email firstname.lastname@example.org. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns! Hello delegates! My name is Rosey Bugayong and I will be your head chair. I am a senior at Laguna Hills High School and this will be my 4th year in MUN. I have ran cross country/track and field these past four years along with being in Key Club, French Honors Society, UNICEF, and some other clubs. I wish you all the best of luck on your research and look forward to seeing you at our conference! Hello delegates, my name is Michael Snodgrass and I am your vice chair. I’m a junior at Laguna Hills High School. I have been part of Laguna’s varsity swim team since freshman year. I have been swimming competitively for 11 years. I am a Junior Olympic and a former Southern California Swimming record holder. I am part of CSF, Chubbies Club, Spikeball club, and FCA. Good luck to all of you on your research. Hello delegates my name is Luca Bianchi and I am your moderator. I am a sophomore at Laguna Hills High School and this is my 3rd year of MUN. I have played high school soccer for 2 years and am in CSF, Spikeball club, ping pong club, and other clubs as well. Good luck!
Topic A: Illegal Wildlife Poaching and Trafficking Background: The illegal poaching and trafficking of animals around the world is something that has been going on for decades but is only recently receiving the attention it needs. This issue is only getting the public to help save the endangered species of the world because of the recent spike in poaching since the beginning of the decade. Since 2007, more than 7,000 rhinos alone have been slaughtered for their horns and that number does not look like it will decrease in the near future. From the sale of ivory around $15 billion annually is made from the trafficking of ivory. This issue is something that must be dealt with in the near future or it will be the end for most of these animal species on Earth. Illegal wildlife poaching and trafficking has been contributing to a major global issue of the loss of biodiversity. Since recorded history, data has shown to predict that we are currently in our 6th mass extinction. By overharvesting these species, habitats have been losing the genetic diversity that is essential to their survival. The increasing rates of extinction among the species can have long-lasting effects for the planet. Currently, about 30,000 species are listed on the CITES list for their need of protection. This number is continuing to increase as more people are driving species into the brink of extinction.
UN Involvement: The General Assembly has recognized trafficking and poaching as a serious crime. The G20 has adopted the new principle to fight against illegal and corrupt activities due to wildlife. CITES has devised a plan that will help around 35,000 different species of wildlife who look to escape these crimes. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 has been created to implement this CITES agreement. This authorized the US Fish and Wildlife Service to determine which species can be listed as threatened or endangered and this prohibits any harm to these species. The UN has already been working with nations to combat against the criminals that look to destroy wildlife. The UN Development Programme (UNDP) has been working to combat poaching and wildlife trafficking. The UNDP encourages countries to diversify their rural livelihoods, manage human-wildlife conflict, strengthen the protected area management zones, and share the benefits of sustainable wildlife management with local communities to promote action. The UN has been taking strong action and has been somewhat successful in catching traffickers.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: The US is one of the two largest markets for illicit wildlife trade (China being the other). In 2013, former-President Obama issued for the Presidential Task Force on Combating Wildlife Trafficking in order to implement a national strategy. Many countries in this bloc, including all of the EU nations, are also in support of the UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) created to combat this illegal trade. The EU also created the EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking by tracking the root causes of this trafficking, and better enforcing the laws already in place, strengthening the international cooperation. Latin Bloc: While in the past, African trading has been seen as a more prominent issue than in Latin American, just recently, journalists are attempting to form more reports on the trade in these regions. www.mongabay.com is a website that reports many of the updated issues about the truth about the trade taking place in these regions, certain sources and routes to catch the illicit trade in action, in-country trade, and other stories to inform the public of the issues taking place outside of just the African countries. African Bloc: Africa is home to many exotic species that seem to be in high demand across the world. Every year, there are reports of millions of illegal wildlife trade taking place in these countries. On the black market, certain African-exclusive species are worth thousands of dollars and nearly thirty thousand African elephants are killed each year. In many African societies, poaching is not seen as illegal, but merely seen as one of the few ways people can make money. For Africa, as a whole, illegal wildlife trade is seen as a major cost to their economy because these animals are a significant part of their exotic sights tourists pay to see. The major decrease in species has lowered the value for certain tours and travelling spots, putting a major spike in their economy. Asian Bloc: Illegal wildlife trading and poaching has been in high demand in Asia which has shown as a threat to the overall species around the planet. Two organizations, the Society for Conservation Biology (SCB) and the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC), have been created as urgent measures to take action for these large issues. Asia has begun to implement stricter law enforcement, began more targeted research relating to where, which, and how these species are being traded and how to prevent any loopholes, and better regulations over the online markets. Asian countries are also involved in the Convention on International Trade and in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) which imposes sanctions on countries that fail to abide by the trade restrictions.
Questions to consider:
To what extent has these issues impacted your country and how?
What kind of measures (or any organizations created) has your nation taken to address the issues?
Has your nation been successful in their (if any) solutions?
Why does your nation believe this should be addressed on a global scale?
What are some ways to enforce regulations on the developing nations without depleting their economy?