Head Chair: Alex Kubesh Vice Chair: Ally Danly Moderator: Hayden Hewett-Abbott
Hi, my name is Alex Kubesh and I will be your head chair for Narcs Novice. I am a junior at LHHS and this is my third year in MUN. I like playing video games, sports, and hanging out with friends. I am very excited about our conference this year and can’t wait to see you all in committee! My name is Ally Danly and I will be your vice chair for Narcs Novice. I am a sophomore at LHHS and this my second year in MUN. At school, I play soccer and tennis and I am also in ASB, the president of the Think Pink Club, and a hawk nest leader. In my free time, I enjoy sleeping and watching Netflix. I am very excited about our conference and know you will all do great! Hey, my name is Hayden Hewett-Abbott and I'm your moderator for the Narcs Novice committee. I am a sophomore and this is my second year in MUN. During school, I am a part of the Computer Science Club, MUN, Cross Country, and LaCrosse. Outside of school, I love to chill with my friends, skateboard, and play some video games. Other than that, I'm stoked to be your moderator and I’ll try my best to make this a fun committee.
Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format and all other important conference documents can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: lhhsNARCSnovice@gmail.com . Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Background: The Mexican War Against Drugs started 11 December 2006 when Mexican President Felipe Calderon declared war on the drug-related violence and the various cartels by sending 6,500 soldiers to Michoacán. It has been reported by the Congressional Research Service in 2018 that 150,000 homicides since 2006 had been influenced or directly linked to organized crime, making drug violence a very important topic for Mexico. It was also reported that anywhere between 19 billion and 29 billion USD are taken by the cartels from drug sales in the United States. This forced the Mexican government in early 2007 to spread upwards of 20,000 Mexican soldiers and federal police across the country. Since the beginning of the Mexican Drug War many cartel higher-ranks have been seized and prosecuted, improving the situation gradually, a notable arrest was the arrest of Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman who is still awaiting trial right now in the United States. These cartels traffic and sell opioids such as Fentanyl and other drugs like weed and cocaine. Some notable cartels being the Sinaloa, the Jalisco New Generation, and the Los Zetas cartel.
UN Involvement: The Mexican drug war has a plethora of negative effects on Mexico’s citizens and land. The United Nations have been working to implement stricter controls in countries that are supplying and producing the deadly weapons that members of the cartels use. Many of the weapons that the cartels use are not in agreement with the UN’s International Convention on Trade in Arms and violate the policies that have been under international rules. The UN has implemented numerous frameworks and policies to help combat this issue. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has also organized a number of conventions and meetings to help solve the drug crisis around the world. In 2009, the UNODC organized a meeting in Costa Rica for the regional members in and around Central America. They gathered as a result of the overwhelming amount of illicit drug trafficking that has been occurring around the world, particularly in Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The seven-member states of the Central American Integration System (SICA), adopted a program that reinforced and complemented the security strategies and actions plan that pre-existed in Mexico and Central America. The UN also designed the Santo Domingo Pact and SICA-UNODC Mechanism (SDP-SUM). This project was developed to aid UN member states by giving them access to technologies that determine the threats and crime trends of an area. With this knowledge, it is easier to stop and prevent the crimes that would have occurred. This interregional program strives to improve policy coordination between countries when it comes to drug trafficking and crimes. The National Institute of Statistics of Mexico and the UNODC have built a regional Centre of Excellence. This Centre focuses on security, justice, government, and victimization. They hope to use the statistics of these areas to develop studies and databases that will help to minimize the crimes, corruption, and injustices that occur. Through various measures, the UN has been working to minimize the drug problems around the world, one, in particular, is the drug war in Mexico. The UN is still working daily to help combat the ongoing drug war in Mexico.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: The United has been heavily involved in the Mexican drug war and have tried to prevent their expansion for years. Many Mexican drug cartels get their start by smuggling drugs into America through Mexico’s border with California and Texas. This is why our last two presidents have been heavily involved with the border with Mexico in California with Mexico. In the most recent years, less and less drug cartels have been able to smuggle their drugs into America. With harsher and harsher border security, the amount of drugs smuggled in by cartels have lowered drastically. But, these cartels are still finding ways to smuggle these drugs into America. A lot of the time individuals will smuggle in drugs and hide them in rural spots in southern Texas and America. Both states are doing all they can to intercept these individuals, but these vast deserts are difficult to search and many slip through the cracks. In addition to this, many come over through ships and railways. Overall, the US has done everything to stop these Mexican drug cartels from smuggling drugs into America, but these cartels are still finding ways to get them past the border.
Latin Bloc: Originating in late 2006, the Mexican Drug War has taken massive tolls against Mexico and many other Latin American countries. Starting in late in 2006, the Mexican drug war has taken severe tolls against most of Mexico and Latin America. Most of the drugs are produced in Mexico, but nations in central America like venezuela are involved in this drug trade as well. Many Mexican drug cartels look to countries like the United States for a greater market, but some look to southern and central America because of weaker border regulations and the greater poor urban area. Countries where corruption is popular and dictatorship is common are at the greatest risk of illegal drug trade, and that makes it that much harder for countries to recover from the recent earthquakes and tsunamis. It should be the goal of all Latin American countries to halt the Mexican drug war and find peace with neighboring nations.
African Bloc: African nations are directly involved with the Mexican Drug War, and have been since 2009. After finding some restrictions in Mexico, popular cartels traveled to countries in Western Africa and have collaborated with local terrorist and criminal gangs to expand their products. These shipments are brought over through ships in massive quantities because naval security in Western Africa is minimal and easy to undermine. When the drugs enter the “Coke Coast”, they make their way across Africa and into Southern Europe. Because it is fairly easy for African criminal groups to sumugal these drugs into Southern Europe, they rapidly expand due to the large market in northern Africa and Southern Europe. While some of this cocaine is intercepted and prevented from entering Europe, about 26% of the cocaine in Europe was smuggled from Africa alone, and most of these drugs originate from southern and Latin America.
Asian Bloc: In recent years, Asia has been somewhat involved in the Mexican Drug War. Because of the already massive illegal drug trade in some parts of Asia, many cartels look to southeast Asia because the laws concerning borders are very lenient and can allow for massive profits. Countries that have been hurt the most are countries like Thailand and the Philippines because of vastly poor urban area, which can contribute to higher drug concentration. This involvement by Mexican cartels has led to a massive increase in the amount of seizures, caused by overdoses, in south east Asia and has drove countries like the Philippines to enact penalties as bad as the death penalty for illegal drug trade
Questions to consider:
Has there been a similar conflict in your country? How was it dealt with and how do you plan on dealing with this conflict?
In what ways does this issue affect your country? How significant is illegal drug trade and trafficking in your country and could this issue potentially affect your country more in the future?
Since heavy firearms are involved, is there any way this conflict can be resolved without any blood being shed? How could this be achieved?
Is your country involved with any NGOs that are working on this topic? If so, what progress has been made and how has your country contributed?
What is your plan for dealing with delegates in committee who may be directly involved with this conflict without being offensive or suggestive?
“Mexico Calls on UN to Help Control Flow of High-Powered Weapons to Drug Gangs | UN News.” United Nations, United Nations, news.un.org/en/story/2011/09/387662-mexico-calls-un-help-control-flow-high-powered-weapons-drug-gangs.