Head Chair: Nishan Kaura Vice Chair: Tommy Wongsatjachock Moderator: Isabella Kazemi
Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: lhhsNARCS@gmail.com. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns! Hello delegates, my name is Nishan Kaura and I will be your head chair at the LHHS MUN Conference. I am a junior and this is my third year in the MUN program. In my free time I listen to music and perform surgery on grapes. Hello, delegates, my name is Tommy Wongsatjachock and I am your vice chair. I am a junior at Laguna Hills High School. This is my second year of MUN because I didn’t find out until my freshman year. I immigrated to America from Thailand when I was younger and I enjoy sleeping, music and playing video games. Hi delegates, my name is Isabella Kazemi and I will be your moderator at the Laguna Hills High School MUN conference. I am in 10th grade and this is my third year in the MUN program. Outside of school, I enjoy listening to music and hanging out with friends. I additionally really like dogs. In school, I participate in tennis, soccer, and track. I look forward to this year’s conference.
BACKGROUND The global opioid crisis has skyrocketed in its severity over the last 30 years. From Asia to Europe, people around the world began to consume very potent and dangerous narcotics. The opioid epidemic that we face today is largely due to overprescription of painkillers. Over the last 20 years, over prescription of painkillers has skyrocketed. In Asia the epidemic is especially strong due to the growth of the poppy flower in that region. Users in Asia have much easier access to opioids due to the source being so close. In a study done in 2016, reports showed that nearly 46 people died a day to opioid abuse. Much of the deaths are caused by laced products that can kill the user. The Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States reported that 2017, nearly 11% confiscated pills were laced with fentanyl. A study conducted in the United States show that 1 in 5 people have received prescription painkillers. Due to the cost of common painkillers, many users turn to cheaper solutions such as heroin. Nations like the Philippines have taken radical measures to keep drugs like heroin off the streets. However these methods have proved to be controversial. The War on Drugs lasted almost 30 years and continues to go on to this day.
UN INVOLVEMENT The UN recognizes that drugs like opioids are highly dangerous and tries to educate the public. In 2012, WHO, along with UNODC, are tasked with providing scientifically-backed guidances and advices for preventing opioid-related drug overdoses. In 2013, WHO developed a discussion paper on opioid overdose prevention, then later, in 2014, provided the scientifically-backed recommendations aimed to reduce mortality rate induced by opioid overdoses. In 2018, the UNODC implemented multi-pronged approaches called the Integrated Strategy on the Global Opioid Crisis which addresses international controls of the drug and regulated the access for medical purpose while preventing its misuse.
BLOC POSITIONS Western Bloc: The west has been dramatically affected by the opioid epidemic, and some western countries have began to take action. Many European nations have continued to open up medical centers to help addicts. However the Western still struggles with the issue of overprescription. Latin Bloc: Countries in South America face a different sort of issue with the epidemic. Nations like Colombia have long been the hot spot for drug traffickers. Colombia has long struggles with cocaine cartels, and only recently has it become a passageway for heroin cartels to traffick into the US. African Bloc: Many nations on the east side of Africa struggle with an addicted population due to its proximity to Afghanistan. So far, only South Africa has taken official steps to help those who are addicted. Asian Bloc: Much of the opioids that currently exists come from Asia. In fact over 55% of the worlds heroin was grown, and produced in Afghanistan. The countries surrounding Afghanistan have suffered the worse from heroin addiction. Many of these nations have very strict drug laws in order to combat the crisis.
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER 1. How can nations prevent overprescription of opioids ? 2. What institutions should be put in place to help those who wish to recover from addiction ? 3. What steps can nations take to prevent addiction ? 4. How should nations change their approach to the War on Drugs ? 5. How should the UN approach opioid cartels in Afghanistan, Mexico, and China ?