Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello, delegates, my name is Ainsley Ochoa and I am your head chair. I am a junior at Laguna Hills High School. Outside of MUN, I’m a part of the Hawks softball program and I coach cheerleading for Saddleback Valley Pop Warner. In my freetime I enjoy going to the beach, hanging out with my friends, and especially petting my dogs. I look forward to meeting you all at our conference!
Hi, my name is Haley Kubesh and I am your vice chair. Aside from MUN, I do track in the spring and my favorite subject is English. Outside of school I enjoy modeling which I have been doing since I was nine. I am happiest when I am with my friends, reading a good book or traveling.
Hello delegates, my name is Roshan Morey and I am the moderator HSC. I am currently a sophomore at Laguna Hills and I am an avid tennis player. I am in the top 100 nationally for the 16s division and I won league my freshmen year. I also teach children from the ages of 6-12 tennis at the Aliso Viejo Boys & Girls Club. In my free time I enjoy playing video games, hanging out with friends and playing more tennis!
**IMPORTANT NOTE: Since this is Historic Security Council, the debate will be based on a Security Council issue that has happened in the past. Your issue is the Rwandan Genocide During this conflict, many authorities including the United Nations were hesitant to label these killings as a genocide. As delegates, you will not only be debating how to resolve this conflict, but also classify whether or not it is a genocide. Remember, when writing you must write as if you are a country in the year it happened, so don’t refer to it in the past tense.
The date is April 6th, 1994 On that day, the plane of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana was shot down and he was killed. Up until this point, many thought that these killings were side effects of war. The killing of Rwanda’s president marked when countries began to realize that what was happening was much worse than they believed. When writing your position paper, remember that you are acting as if it is April 6th 1994- you do not know anything after that date, only what has happened before. The day of committee will be April 7th, 1994, when it will be decided what the Security Council should do.
Topic: Conflict with the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups Background: The conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi ethnic groups is increasing day after day. The Hutu and Tutsi are Bantu ethnic groups native to African Great Lakes region of Africa and are in a serious conflict because of the death of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana. Today, the president’s plane was shot down on its descent by the means of surface to air missiles which resulted in Juvénal Habyarimana’s death. Because of this, Hutu political officials and elites have started to take matters into their own hands by forcing the Hutus to enact violence on the Tutsis. The Hutu and the Tutsi were already in a civil war before today between the Hutu-led government and the Rwandan Patriotic Front. However, the violence has become more and more apparent and many countries are starting to recognize that these mass murders are the actions of terrorists and extremists. The tension between the Hutu and the Tutsi will only continue to rise which will result in thousands of people dying and suffering for no rightful reason.
UN Involvement: Although the United Nations is always looking for ways to aide countries in need, they are doing little to intervene in the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic group conflict. Part of this is due to the fact that most members of the UN do not see these mass murders as genocide, they see it as political acts that are being taken to a physical level. They consider the deaths to be war casualties as the two ethnic groups have been are currently in an ongoing civil war that is expected to last much longer. Today, when President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down, the world started to realize that these horrendous acts are more than unimportant side effects of war. They are direct acts of hatred and terrorism on unsuspecting people. The UNAMIR or United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda has been created to help the country and the victims of these extremely violent acts. Because Rwanda is a small country, it is not considered to be a priority and hardly anyone is taking the genocides seriously, even though this situation is a direct violation of the Universal Charter of Human Rights. However, even if the UN had tries to be more actively involved with the conflict, there isn’t too much they can do, seeing that Articles 33-38 of its Charter states that the UN may only “recommend appropriate procedures or methods of adjustments in a dispute.” It is unclear what the UN can and will do to intervene in this terrible time and if their efforts will be too late considering this issue is getting worse by the day.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: countries in the Western Hemisphere have been hesitant to declare these killings as a genocide. The United States in particular has been very cautious over this issue because they have known of these issues for quite awhile. When the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was created about 3 years ago, the U.S. knew the extent of potential violence. They knew of weapons crossing over the border and of the growing tensions and strength of the rebel military and how they were escalating. The United States has also chosen to ignore the major role Uganda has played in aiding the Rwandan rebels. Up until this point, the United States has refused to become involved. Canada has attempted to gain knowledge about this issue, since they don’t know much about it. Their request for current intelligence has been denied and they have little to no information.
Latin Bloc: many Latin Hemisphere countries have also opposed involvement in the conflict. France is one of the many who have opposed involvement in stopping this conflict. They have even supplied weapons to the government and military, knowing they are committing these mass killings. It is alleged that France is providing shelter for the interim Rwandan government, but that is yet to be confirmed. What we do know is that France is aiding those who are committing these actions.
African Bloc: countries in the African Hemisphere such as Tanzania, Zaire, Burundi and kore have become asylum for Tutsi refugees to flee to. Uganda, however, has been aiding and training the Rwandan government. Even after the civil war, they have continued to help fund the government in its mass killings.
Asian Bloc: many countries in the Asian Hemisphere have majorly opposed involvement in this conflict. China in particular, referred to these mass killings as an “internal affair” and does not want to become involved in stopping it. This is mainly due to the fact that China is a major supplier of arms to the Rwandan government. China is partially responsible for funding and aiding this conflict.
Questions to consider:
Does this conflict meet the requirements to be classified as a genocide?
How much should the Security Council involve itself?
If we are to become involved, should physical force be used? If so, to what extent?
What are other efforts that can be taken to resolve this crisis?
How can your country itself attribute to end these mass killings?