Head Chair: Ishika Shah Vice Chair: Bradley Higashi Moderator: Joyanne Marquetant Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Hello, delegates! My name is Ishika Shah and I will be your head chair. I am currently a senior at Laguna Hills High School, and this year will be my fourth and final year in MUN. Outside of MUN, I am involved in Key Club, National Honors Society, CSF, and French Honors Society. I also volunteer at the Children’s Hospital of Orange County and spend much of my weekends working. During the few moments in my life spent not working or finishing homework, I can be found drinking boba with my friends at Harmony Tea Bar, eating Taco Bell, and looking at dogs at pet stores.
Hello delegate! My name is Brad Higashi and I will be your vice chair. I am a junior at LHHS and this will be my third year of MUN. In addition to participating in MUN, I am in volleyball. I volunteer at my church sometimes. I enjoy eating any type of Japanese food and haupia (coconut flavored jello). I’m one of the more boring students outside of school since I don’t have a life; nonetheless, I am looking forward to seeing you all at the LHHS MUN conference!
Hi delegates! My name is Joyanne Marquetant and I will be your moderator for ECOSOC. I am currently a sophomore at LHHS, and this will be my second year in MUN. In addition to MUN, I’m involved in the LHHS instrumental music and CSF programs. Outside of school, you can find me drawing and wasting money on art supplies, listening to music, and eating Korean BBQ with my friends. Looking forward to a meeting everyone and having a great conference!
Topic A: Peacebuilding in South Sudan
Background: South Sudan, one of the world’s newest countries, has struggled against the ravages of war, disenfranchisement, and civil unrest for decades. However, due to South Sudan’s gained independence in 2011 and a past coup attempt, these conflicts have only worsened. Currently, over 5.7 million South Sudanese do not have enough food to sustain themselves. While attempts have been made to improve South Sudan’s state in the past (such as the 2005 peace agreement made between independence fighters and the Government of Sudan), these attempts have proved to be futile due to extreme political unrest. Besides the unsuccessful attempts of improving their governmental stability, local peacebuilding has proven to be effective in few ways; for example, small refugee communities have been developed, allowing citizens to easily find a source of income and trade with others. However, no methods have proved to be an effective long term solution for peacebuilding in the current state of South Sudan.
UN Involvement: After South Sudan gained independence, the struggle to maintain a stable country has been quite difficult. Due to the state South Sudan was in, the UN created the United Nations Mission In South Sudan (UNMISS). This resolution, passed by the security council in 2011, focuses on assisting the government with providing for the needs of the civilians. However, this changed due to the December 2013 outbreak of violence. Now, the UNMISS focuses on a broader spectrum of conflicts in South Sudan. Some conflicts include displaced civilians, security for civilians, and national security institutions. Although the United Nations created the UNMISS to help South Sudan get back onto their feet, there has been little benefit. Since 2013, there has been an estimated 300,000 lives have been taken due to the fighting. Human rights violations are still frequently reported. Reports have been recorded documenting the extreme occurrences of domestic abuse, killing due to differences in races and ideals, and the destruction of infrastructure including hospitals, houses, and clinics. Currently, the UNMISS has around 17,000 troops in the regional protection force. Although the UNMISS is trying to preserve South Sudan and protect its citizens, the little amount of improvement the UNMISS have accomplished hasn’t been worth their efforts, time, and money.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: Countries of the Western Bloc have provided more than €317 million in overall aid to assist the millions of South Sudanese civilians affected by the conflict. The Western Bloc strives to expand food assistance in high-conflict areas, like Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Equatoria, and combats severe malnutrition with therapeutic foods. The European Union has dispatched teams throughout the country to provide the South Sudanese with basic necessities, such as food, shelter, and security. The United States and Europe have also imposed sanctions on both President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar.
Latin Bloc: Due to the internal struggles that have plagued Latin America for decades, the Latin bloc has intervened minimally in South Sudan. Individual countries, such as Guatemala, from Latin America have supported UN resolutions that command the use of force and the immediate suspension of warfare in order to open negotiations between the rivaling sides.
African Bloc: The African Bloc has condemned the coup of the South Sudanese government. Egypt has been closely surveilling the recent developments of the conflict and sent a special envoy to South Sudan to promote stability and the urgency of peace talks. Gambia, South Africa, and Nigeria criticized the attempt to overthrow Kiir’s government and are supportive of compromise to prevent the destabilization of the country. Troops from Uganda were deployed in support of the South Sudanese government and assisted in moving European arms and troops to the South Sudanese military.
Asian Bloc: Countries of the Asian Bloc have also expressed minimal interest in South Sudan. India has arranged for the dispatch of a team to assess the severity of the conflict and its political and social effects on the South Sudanese population. China’s involvement in South Sudan is primarily economic. While China hoped for a relationship simply involving trade, investment, and resource extraction, the outbreak of civil war in South Sudan led to China’s allocation of funds and troops to the South Sudanese government and the east African regional organisation, IGAD, to ensure their access to South Sudanese oil.
Questions to consider: 1. How can the tensions between the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups be resolved? 2. What actions can be taken to initiate negotiations between the South Sudanese government and opposition groups? 3. How can conditions in areas where aid cannot be delivered be made safer for humanitarian workers? 4. How has your country addressed the impact of the conflict on civilians and internally displaced person? 5. How is South Sudan’s collapsing economy aggravating the effects of the South Sudan conflict?
Nations, United. “UNMISS.” UNMISS, 2018, unmiss.unmissions.org/. “South Sudan: UN Peacekeeping Review Urges Emphasis on Supporting Political Process | UN News.” United Nations, United Nations, news.un.org/en/story/2018/02/1003732.
Project, Enough. “South Sudan.” The Enough Project, 2017, enoughproject.org/conflicts/south-sudan.
Create your own unique website with customizable templates.