Hello delegates, My name is Keana Gindlesperger and I will be your head chair. I am currently a junior and in my third year of MUN. At Laguna Hills, I have been involved in girl’s soccer for three years and am also president and founder of the Make A Wish club. Outside of school, I love long distance running, walking my dogs, and reading.
Hi my name is Juliano Cavaricci and I am your vice chair. I like to go to the beach and hang out with friends. My hobbies include surfing, playing football and baseball. I am currently a junior at Laguna Hills high school. I am a very highly rated car detailer and I am sponsored by Adams.
Hello my name is Julianne Goodin and I am your moderator. I am a sophomore in Laguna Hills and have been in MUN for 2 years. I will be joining lacrosse in the spring season at Laguna Hills and I enjoy going to the beach with my friends and amusement parks. Also, I joined Lions Heart this year, which is a volunteer organization.
Position papers will be due on February 2, 2019. The position paper format, and all other important conference documents, can be found on our conference website, http://lhhsconference.weebly.com/. Email all position papers to our committee email: lhhsSCnov@gmail.com. Feel free to contact us via email if you have any questions or concerns!
Topic: Nuclear Disarmament Background: Nuclear weapons are the byproduct of chemical explosions with nuclear fusion. When the combination is completed, it creates a fission, resulting in the exposure of extensive energy in X-rays. Many countries have used this lethal weapon developed around the 1930s to terrorize others, from threats to actually releasing bombs on countries. Since, 1945, when World War II was occuring, the US used an atomic bomb, or a nuclear weapon going by the name American B-29, on Japan in two cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The nuclear weapon caused tremendous harm among the people, causing over 90% of the whole cities’ population to die, including over 80,000 people. The first major release of nuclear weapons showed the world the harm capable of happening. The technology has increased the accuracy, efficiency, and damage able to be done in the weapons. The explosions from nuclear weapons emanated a shock wave, heat energy, as well as harmful radiation. Theses weapons have even been incorporated in the military society, having a mission called the “nuclear strategy”. This is when a government or military uses tactics involving these methods for an objective or when they abstain from the use to avoid more conflict. Not only are hundreds of thousands lives killed or severely injured, habitantes are displaced, resulting in the area affect to have a slow recovery. Theses weapons have been increased among the many countries, causing increasing tension. The many main holders of theses weapons in countries have participated in arms agreements, which will prevent another major explosion for developing. However, there has been increasing conflict with the growing number of the weapons, causing many countries to threaten others with these weapons. Altogether, the growing of nuclear weapons should take a halt due to the harm and tension it is causing for countries.
UN Involvement: Nuclear weapons, being the most destructive weapons on earth, calls for the need for disarmament. These weapons can wipe out entire cities and potentially killed millions, jeopardizing the flow of the natural environment and leaving the long-term effect of negatively affecting the lives of future generations, deeming it necessary for UN involvement. Although nuclear warfare is not used commonly, when it is, it is catastrophic. Therefore, the UN has helped establish many multilateral treaties with the aim of preventing any new testing of these weapons. These treaties include the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT). Alongside the NPT is the PTBT which revokes nuclear testing in space, underwater and in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the UN has been trying to resolve this issue for many years dating back to 1996 with the (CTBT) treaty, up to modern day with the (TPNW) treaty. In conjunction with these various measures, the UN has shown their commitment to nuclear disarmament in stating that they believed in, “securing a common goal and future: an agenda for disarmament”. Additionally, the council believes that to prepare the world for a free nuclear weapons territory nations would have to be ready for a number of risks, including reduction measures, transparency in nuclear weapon programs, further reductions in all types of nuclear weapons and commitment to not introducing new types of nuclear weapons which includes cruise missiles. Given that nuclear weapons are a very sure way of security for a nation, nuclear disarmament is of the utmost importance.
Bloc Positions: Western Bloc: Most western nations agree with nuclear disbarment. More specifically nations like the US have treaties which directly correlate with the issue such as the NPT or the nuclear non proliferation treaty.
Latin Bloc: Being as most nations in Latin America are undeveloped, they lack the funds to start nuclear programs or further their current ones. Therefore, more stress is placed upon inhibiting these nations from establishing nuclear weapons.
African Bloc: Similar to the Latin Bloc, the African nations also widely lack funding for nuclear programs and more stress should be placed upon stopping them from beginning programs when establishing solutions. Asian Bloc: In terms of the Asian nations, DPRK or North Korea has been the main leader in the establishment of nuclear weapons; however, as of late, they have slowed programs after talks with Trump. Other nations such as China are involved with nuclear disbarment due to international policies.
Questions to consider:
How would you convince nations who already have very developed nuclear weapons and programs to participate in nuclear disarmament?
How will nations in turmoil or in war be steered away from nuclear weapons?
Will already established treaties and international standards be affected?
How can NGOs and IGOs such as the UKs radioactive waste management branch influence nuclear disarmament?
Why are underdeveloped nations resorting to nuclear weapons and how can you inhibit them?